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DAT Spot Truckload Rates, Feb 23 2019

Spot truckload rates keep sliding; freight volumes keep building

Spot truckload rates continued their mid-winter slide the week ending February 23, 2019, but freight volumes suggest that pricing should rebound soon, said DAT Solutions, which operates the DAT network of load boards.

While the overall number of loads posted on the DAT network fell 6% and truck posts were up 3% the week ending February 23, February van volumes to date are almost 10% higher year over year. Van rates weakened nationally but remained constant in core lanes from top markets, another signal that pricing is starting to firm up. Diesel prices, which are a component of spot rates, are holding in the $2.97 to $3 per gallon range recently after a four-month, 40-cent slide.

The number of reefer load posts was down 5% and truck posts were up 1%.

•Reefer load-to-truck ratio: 5.5 reefer loads per truck

Among the top 72 reefer lanes the week ending February 23, rates on 26 lanes were up, 44 lanes were lower, and two were neutral. Los Angeles and McAllen TX both saw a rebound in reefer freight volumes, but losses elsewhere help push spot rates lower for the fifth straight week. Volumes in this segment have fallen 3.1% in the past month.

The number of van load posts was down 6% compared with the previous week and truck posts were up 4%.

•Load-to-truck ratio (national average): 4.3 van loads per truck

Average spot van rates are 3.6% lower than in January and down 10.6% from February 2018. Of the top 100 van lanes by volume, pricing fell on 64 lanes.

While the national average rates suggest an “off” market for van freight, volume jumped 13.3% from January to February, the biggest increase between the two months in the past four years. Ocean freight should start to hit US shores in advance of the spring retail season, and with the next round of tariffs postponed we may see at least the normal seasonal uplift.

Strong volumes and stable rates on key individual lanes continue to suggest that spot van rates are bottoming out.

The number of flatbed load posts fell 5% and truck posts were up 2%.

•Load-to-truck ratio: 25.1 flatbed loads per truck, down from 27

Despite lower demand for flatbed capacity, the national average spot flatbed rate made its first upswing in six weeks.

DAT Trendlines are generated using DAT RateView, which provides real-time reports on spot market and contract rates, as well as historical rate and capacity trends. The RateView database is comprised of more than $60 billion in freight payments. DAT load boards average 1.2 million load posts searched per business day.

For the latest spot market load availability and rate information, visit

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